The Sandalwood Tree


Sandalwood (S. paniculatum) – Hawaii

Culturally and economically important to many cultures around the Indian subcontinent, Australia, and the Pacific and Eastern Indian Ocean region, sandalwood trees (in the genus of Santalum) are widely known and highly sought after for their rich and fragrant heartwood.  This heartwood can be used to distill sandalwood essential oil for use in perfumery, body care products and traditional medicines. The beautiful wood is also highly prized for carvings and woodworking, and the powdered form is used for incense. Beyond the rich, fragrant oil and wood products, however, the tree itself has a complex botany and a rich history of cultivation, harvest, and conservation, making sandalwood a very valuable resource.

Origin & Botany  |  Cultivation & Horticulture  |  Harvesting & Processing  |  Conservation & Environmental